Tip #1: Always, and I mean always, have your camera with you. I put mine in my fanny pack for the entirety of my trip. There is no point to having a video camera if you never use it. There is no point to taking a video camera on vacation and then leaving it in the hotel room. Youâ€™ll regret it if you donâ€™t have your camera when the perfect shot happens presents itself. Donâ€™t think youâ€™ll need it? Take it anyway. You will.
Tip #2: Have at least one extra battery and several pieces of extra recording media (tapes/SD cards/etc.) You do not want to run out of tape or power just when a Disney Cast Member offers you a visit to Cinderellaâ€™s Castle. While most professionals carry at least 3 batteries with them, I personally have 2 so that I can recharge one while Iâ€™m using the other. If you do not have an extra battery, be VERY diligent about charging your single battery every night in the hotel. You did bring your charger, right? Most home users are penny-wise and pound-foolish about this subject, and there is no logic to skimping in this area. Your batteries and recording media are the cheapest part of your equipment, it only makes sense to have extras. You can usually buy a generic extra battery for 15-40 dollars, and I buy my tapes in packs of 8 from a wholesale club for less than 25 dollars. When the camcorder itself likely costs several hundred to a thousand dollars or more, these are small investments in comparison.
Tip #3: If possible, and it probably is on your camera, figure out how to manually set the white balance even if your camera has automatic white balance. Indoor lighting releases an incomplete spectrum of color, and indoor footage that has not been white balanced appropriately turns out looking jaundiced and yellowed. Once filmed, this is hard to correct, even with good editing software, and you will save yourself a lot of headaches if you film with your colors balanced from the beginning. The automatic white balancing feature works fine in my camera for outdoor shots, but I utilize settings that compensate for florescent lights when I move inside. Poorly balanced footage will be especially noticeable when filming in both outdoor and indoor settings, and your video is a combination of these shots. Exactly the circumstances at WDW! The visual differences between the different clips can be striking and the high color outdoor shots can make the indoor shots look sickly and unpleasant.
Tip #4: Avoiding shaky footage needs to be a priority. Shaky footage distracts from your what your are filming and your audience will have trouble focusing on your subject. When you are shooting, keep the camera as still as possible! Your camera may have what is called Electronic Image Stabilization or Optical Image Stabilization. Either can make a big difference in your footage, and can help compensate for the normal bounces and jitters that happen during filming. But, the biggest way to make to avoid shaky footage is to prop yourself or your camera against something when you are recording. Since I donâ€™t usually want to take a tripod with me into the parks, I usually balance my camera on a table or I crouch down and balance my camera on my knee. If this isnâ€™t possible, I lean against a wall or something solid when Iâ€™m filming. While it looks cool to walk around with the camera viewfinder up to your eye, your footage may be unwatchable if you do. Audiences can usually handle a few seconds of this if it is part of your story, but they wonâ€™t watch much more. The movies The Blair Witch Project and Cloverfield were filmed with the â€œrun and gunâ€ perspective a lot of filmmakers are using these days, where shaky video supposedly adds to the visual asthetic. But, both movies gave me motion sickness and this took away from my enjoyment. If you do computer editing, there are some software packages to stabilize shaky footage. There is a free video editing software package called Virtualdub, which has a free plug-in called Deshaker that you can use to salvage footage that is shaky. But always remember that properly filmed material is much more preferable.
Tip #5: When you are filming, be sure to leave a â€œtailâ€ on either end of what you are filming. Try to start filming 3-5 seconds before the action starts and hold the camera for at least 3-5 seconds after the action ends. This helps to prevent your audience from being jarred from scene to scene, and it helps them to mentally prepare for scene changes. You have done this successfully if your audience doesnâ€™t notice the cuts and changes between scenes. In essence, you likely will never get credit for doing this, but you and your audience will likely notice if you arenâ€™t.
Tip #6: I have a quick comment on using the zoom feature in your camera. Use zoom as little as possible. Check whether your camera has optical or digital zoom.If it only has digital zoom, do not use it at all and physically move closer to your subject to get the shot you want. If you use digital zoom to focus on something farther and farther away, using it will quickly degrade your image quality. If you have optical zoom, it will work fine, but try not to use it when you are recording. Instead, zoom in to where you want your shot to be, and then start filming your subject. Most people who use a camcorder use their zoom WAY too much by zooming in and out and in and out, which distracts your audience. If you have to zoom in or out while you are recording, do it very slowly.
Tip #7: When you are focusing on someoneâ€™s face, donâ€™t be afraid to use your zoom to push in pretty closely. Your audience probably wonâ€™t notice if you crop a little off the top or side of a personâ€™s head in order to capture more of their facial expressions. This makes your subjectâ€™s emotions the focus of your clip, and can be a powerful way of capturing someoneâ€™s feelings. Early on, many people try to film too wide an area, which gives your audience too many things to attend to. Your subject needs the attention instead. Obviously this doesnâ€™t make sense if you are on a roller coaster or are somewhere where your camera or subject is moving, so use your best judgment.
Tip #8: Most video cameras function very well in generally well-lit settings. But, few cameras handle extreme light or dark conditions without some tweaking on the part of the user. You donâ€™t need to be a lighting expert to take good home video, but it is important to think a little about light. Some cameras have automatic settings for bright days or for dark environments, and the better cameras offer manual controls that allow you to set film speed and aperture settings. My camera has different settings for especially bright days, filming when a subject is backlit on a stage, and for low-light situations. They work wonderfully and they can be a great way to make your video that much better. But, even if your camera doesnâ€˜t have this ability, simple and low-tech fixes go a long way. I love overcast days when I am filming. The clouds diffuse the light, which avoids putting glares or hot spots on your subject. Try to do most of your filming when the sun isnâ€™t right above you. Try to also be aware of where you are facing when you are filming on a sunny day. If the sun is behind you, your subject is likely squinting because they are forced to face you (and thus the sun). Can you go under a tree or awning for the shot, or can you wait until a the sun goes behind a cloud? If the sun is behind your subject, their face is facing away from the light and is likely dark and shadowed on the film. This can cause you to lose some of the subjectâ€˜s facial expressions. Is there a way you can position your subject so that more light hits their face? Is there somewhere else you can take a similar shot where you arenâ€˜t in the bright sun? Especially dark environments are equally challenging, and cameras can vary widely in their ability to handle low-light situations. If you are in a building, can you position your subject by a window where outside light or perhaps a candle on a restaurant table will illuminate them better? Can you get the shot before entering the dark environment? Learning to effectively manage changing lighting conditions seems to mostly come with practice, so practice as much as you can in a variety of different lighting environments. For general home video purposes a little bit of thought on this subject goes a long way.
Tip #9: Letâ€™s talk about basic shot composition. The best way to film your subjects is to place them slightly off-center in the viewfinder or LCD screen. For some reason, our brains find images much more interesting this way. Please donâ€™t ask me why, I donâ€™t know, I just know it works. An easy way to do this is to mentally divide your image into thirds, and to try to put your subject into either the right or left â€œboxâ€. When you do this you need to show some good judgment. If you are filming a person for instance, making them face in a direction where they have space in front of them is important, smooshing their face into the side of the video is not. Check out this video to learn some of the basics.
Tip #10: I think the last tip I will give you is the most important in the series, and that is to, think very hard about what you are filming. Many home users capture too much setting and not enough of the human interest part of their video. The portions of my WDW home videos that I love the most are not of the parks, they are of my family. The look on my daughters’ faces when they first entered the parks or hugged a princess were the most priceless parts of my trip. So, make sure that you are filming what is most important to you, and your most important subjects are probably the family and friends who are visiting the parks with you.